HEMP – THE PLANT

Hemp extracts are made from the Hemp plant by extractors who run the hemp through equipment, which uses a solvent and/or high pressure to extract the beneficial compounds in the Hemp plant. It is believed that the most beneficial aspects of hemp extracts come from the whole plant, and are full-spectrum phytocannabinoids. Here is a breakdown of what this means:
  1. Whole plant: This means that the entire hemp plant, including the leaves, flowers, and stems are used to create the extract or hemp supplement. On our labels, we use the term ‘aerial parts’, noting that the plant parts used are above ground.
  2. Full-spectrum: There are a wide-range of compounds that can be extracted from the Hemp plant, and the extraction method captures this entire spectrum.
  3. Phyto: The extract comes from natural plant materials and is not synthetically created (manufactured).
    • Cannabinoid: Refers to the range of compounds found in the Hemp plant. There are over 100 compounds that are termed Cannabinoids. Each compound has its own set of properties, which are reported to produce beneficial effects when consumed by people or animals. Some of the more common Cannabinoids comprising this broad category are listed below:
      • Cannabidiol (CBD)
      • Cannabigerol (CBG)
      • Cannabinol (CBN)
    • Terpenes and Flavinoids: A range of compounds found in the hemp plant that produce the plants’ natural taste. Terpenes include myrcene, pinene, caryophyllene, linalool and others. Flavinoids include quercetin, apigenin, and cannaflavin A. Some believe that there are benefits gained from Terpenes and Flavonoids, which are included in full-spectrum phytocannabinoids.
Here are some other hemp and hemp extract related terms explained:
  1. Entourage Effect: The concept that the full-spectrum of cannabinoids collectively have a greater wellness effect than any one of the cannabinoid compounds alone.
  2. Isolate: When the cannabidiol (CBD) is extracted from the many other compounds mentioned above and the isolate is then formulated with other inactive ingredients. Some consider it more advantageous to use isolate in formulations as this does not contain THC. Products made with isolate do not contain many of the other compounds found in full-spectrum products and do not take advantage of what some refer to as the entourage effect.
  3. Distillate – The concentrated compounds created by taking the Hemp plant and extracting the cannabinoids. Unlike isolate, distillate is, by definition is a full-spectrum hemp extract.